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Genital Warts

Genital warts are caused by an infection of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). This virus is passed between sexual partners through skin-to-skin contact.

STIs are usually passed on between people during sexual contact (although close contact may pass on some infections).


Warts around the penis, vagina or anus can be a serious sexual health issue.

However, genital warts symptoms are obvious to see; if you notice warts in the areas, it’s important to seek medical attention.

Testing and Treatments:

There is no test for genital warts.

We can only diagnose once the warts are visual.

Cryotherapy (freezing) can be an effective treatment.

There are also several types of cream available to treat the infection. You can apply creams at home.

After treatment, genital warts can appear to go away or become ‘dormant’.

Treatment of any kind can’t guarantee that your genital warts won’t come back.

Please note: you will only be offered treatment if you have visible genital warts. If you aren’t sure whether you do or not, make an appointment with the sexual health service.

Further Information:

More information on the Human Papilloma Virus vaccine:

The Universal HPV immunisation Programme leafet